Understanding Back Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

causes, symptoms and treatment of backpain

Life is filled with pleasure and pain. And one of the most annoying forms of pain is the back pain. It is annoying at best and crippling at worst. Furthermore, it is a natural part of our life as we grow older. Therefore, this form of pain is an inevitable part of our lives. Now while we may get used to this form of pain, have you ever wondered about its cause, symptoms, and treatment? Well, you should understand back pain can be the difference between a painful life and a painless one. Well good news for you, you are in excellent company.

In this blog, we discuss the general causes, symptoms, and treatments of back pain. So with this in mind, let’s get started!

What is the cause of Back Pain?

As you may know, there are many causes of back pain. Some of these causes are common and easily curable while others are either uncommon or require immediate attention. So what are these causes? Some of the key causes of back pain are as follows:


One of the most common causes of back pain is overstressing the back. Now you can put strain on the back in many ways. Some of these include the following:

  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Lifting improperly
  • Making fast but awkward movement
  • Improper posture
  • Overweight

Besides these, you can put a strain on your back in many ways. That said, these are some of the most common causes that put strain on your back. The good news here is that this form of back pain does not last long after you reduce the strain on your back. The bad news here is that the cause for strain is often hard to determine. Regardless, once you identify the cause, you can amend it and treat it rather effectively.

Structural Problems

Another common cause of back pain is issues with the structure of the back. This form of pain is relatively extreme and often needs expert intervention. Some of the common forms of structural problems are as follows:

Ruptured Discs

Each vertebra in the spine is cushioned by a spinal disk. If this disk ruptures, it can put pressure on the nerves which results in back pain.

Bulging Disks

This structural problem is similar to ruptured discs. That said, in this form of structural problem the disks bulge from the spinal column.


In this form of structural problem, shooting pain travels from the buttock to and down the back of the leg. This can happen when a disk bulges or a herniated disk presses on the nerve, or when a muscle pushes on the nerve.


Arthritis can cause problems with the joints in the lower back. This often leads to constant stinging pain.

These are some of the structural problems that can cause back pain.

Movement and Posture

Another primary cause of back pain is sharp movement and bad posture. Having a hunched posture is one of the key causes of back pain. Furthermore, back pain can also be caused by several everyday activities. Some of these activities include the following:


  • Twisting
  • Overstretching
  • Bending awkwardly or for long periods
  • Coughing or sneezing
  • Pushing
  • Pulling
  • Lifting
  • Carrying something
  • Standing or sitting for long periods

These are some of the key causes of back pain. Besides these, there are several other causes that include but are not limited to the following:

  • Cauda equina syndrome
  • Cancer of the spine
  • Infection of the spine
  • Sleep disorders

What are the Symptoms of Back Pain?

As the name of this illness suggests the general symptom of back pain is ache in the back. That said, this symptom can manifest itself in many ways. Some of the common symptoms of back pain include the following:

Dull Aching Pain In The Back

This is one of the most common symptoms of back pain. In this symptom of back pain, the pain is more of a dull ache. This dull ache can be localized into one area or spread across the entire back region.

Sharp-Stabbing Pain

Unlike the previous symptom, this form of back pain is typically localized. The pain is sharp and typically focused in a single area. It often occurs with movements or in specific positions.


Stiffness is not really a pain but rather a sharp discomfort in a specific area of the back. This symptom results in discomfort while moving.

Radiating Pain

Radiating pain is also another common symptom of back pain. In this circumstance, a dull pain extends from a specific area outwards. It is often associated with nerve compression or irritation such as sciatica.

Muscle Spasms

Muscle spasms are categorized by involuntary contractions or tightening of the muscles. This symptom is typically followed by a dull pain that lasts for a while after the muscle spasm ends.

Numbness or Tingling

Similar to stiffness, numbness or tingling is not really a pain. Rather it is categorized by the desensitization of a specific area within the back. This form of desensitization can radiate down into the legs or feet and is often associated with disorders in the nerve.


These are some of the common symptoms of back pain. Do note that depending on your specific circumstances, you may face additional symptoms on top of the ones we mentioned here.

What are the Common Treatments for Back Pain?

After knowing the cause and symptoms, let’s talk about some of the common treatments for back pain. Now do note that although you can manage the symptoms with the treatments, if the pain resides for a long time or if the pain is too sharp, you should contact the experts. That said, some of the common treatments for back pain are as follows;

Home Treatments

This includes the usage of massage and over-the-counter (OTC) pain medication. These medications include anti-inflammatory drugs such as Flexon and Ibuprofen. These drugs can relieve some of the discomfort and pain. Additionally, you can also use a hot compress or ice pack on the painful area to reduce the pain.

Deep Tissue Massage

Although deep massages would not cure symptoms caused by structural damages and other forms of specific medical ailments, it is still one of the best remedies. Deep tissue massage can remedy back pain caused by poor posture and strain on your back. Furthermore, it can also aid in pain relief for most general causes of back pain. Therefore, if your back pain is caused by regular strains and general distress, it is one of the best ways to feel relief.

Medical Treatment

If the home remedy does not reduce the pain, you should consult the expert for medical treatments. The treatments can include additional specialized medications and massages such as deep tissue massage and therapy.

Cortisone Injections

If none of the treatments are effective, the experts may inject cortisone injections into the epidural space, around the spinal cord. Cortisone injections are essentially anti-inflammatory drugs that help in reducing inflammation around the nerves.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a treatment where you change your natural behaviors to alleviate the stress on your back. Furthermore, this therapy also helps you become active, building the muscles in your back. All of these can help you maintain good posture and adopt healthy behaviors that reduce the risk of back pain recurrence.

These are some of the common treatments that alleviate back pain.


Back pain is a common occurrence in life. That said, there are different levels of pain, ranging from mild annoyance and dull pain to sharp pain that can immobilize you. There can be several causes for this which range from simple back posture to damage to nerves. The good news here is that you can implement various treatments. That said, if the back pain is too sharp or lasts for a long duration, the best option is always to seek the advice of the experts.

In this blog, we discussed some of the causes, symptoms, and treatments for back pain. We hope you found this helpful. If you want further insights and if you are in Kathmandu,  Inner Sight Nepal is a professional massage therapy center in Kathmandu Valley. Do visit us to get a great massage and improve you health.